Mandating school uniforms
The results do not suggest any significant association between school uniform policies and achievement.
Proponents of such reform measures emphasize the benefits of student uniforms on specific behavioral and academic outcomes.
Although the effect size was small, students from schools without uniforms reported higher self-perception scores than students from schools with uniform policies. Abstract: “The uniform industry has grown steadily the past 20 years with increased attention from employers trying to create a professional image among workers as well as school administrators considering uniforms to curtail school violence.
Student and teacher perceptions of school climate did not vary across uniform policy.” “The Effect of Uniforms on Nonuniform Apparel Expenditures” Norum, Pamela S.; Weagley, Robert O.; Norton, Marjorie J. Although an important part of human dress for centuries, uniforms have received little attention from researchers of the clothing market.
Simultaneous with The JER article, and on the basis of the same National Education Longitudinal Study: 1988 database, an Educational Testing Service article reported that no correlation exists between uniforms and achievement. The effect of new communication technology in amplifying political uses of academic research is discussed.” “Public School Uniforms: Effect on Perceptions of Gang Presence, School Climate, and Student Self-Perceptions” Wade, Kathleen Kiley; Stafford, Mary E. Participants consisted of 415 urban public middle school students and 83 teachers.
Findings indicate that, although perceptions did not vary for students across uniform policy, teachers from schools with uniform policies perceived lower levels of gang presence.